Mechanisms to Achieve Goals

National Level Recommendations

  • Enforce a national level supervision system that will guide the planning and the development of wastewater systems – that is designing it for the long run, while keeping in mind the efficiency, costs, and investments of the project making body.
  • Construction of a comprehensive septage management system in the national level that would monitor wastewater systems from the private agencies to the public households, enforcing scheduled emptying of septic tanks in regular basis in hand with safe sludge disposal.
  • Ensure balance in the breadth of the investments with regards to the purpose of the projects, taking into consideration agriculture, public services, business, and recreation. This is while making sure that the priority should be given to address urban wastewater pollution prevention, which is a major contributor to this issue.
  • Revise and reinforce legal policies especially with regards to subsidizing facilities that will be beneficial to the overall mechanisms of these projects.
  • Communication and Information Dissemination to the local communities that will be a major factor in helping improve the understanding of the importance and mechanisms of wastewater management systems.

Local Level Recommendations

  • Addressing the full sanitation problems for on-site and sewage systems by having institutional responsibilities for wastewater and sanitation service delivery and preparing practical phased investment plans.
  • Collecting and gathering information to undertake assessments of wastewater and on-site systems, rainwater inflow, general water quality and adopting performance contracts with utilities.
  • Establish, enforce and promote implementation of water quality management regulations including for on-site sanitation, sludge management. Ensuring national standards for design and construction of structures like the sewage systems are followed correctly to assure the quality of drinking water.
  • Providing financial assistance to poor households, and employing financial mechanisms such as subsidies and/or micro credit funds to help other households to connect to sewers or improve onsite sanitation.
  • Clarifying the mechanism to connect to sewers, with regulations on required household financial contribution and extent of agency technical support.
  • Facilitating community communication and consultation programs to the target community. Providing evidence to communities of the benefits of connecting to sewers and providing confidence in operation of the system. Also providing information on improvement options, estimated costs and user tariffs, and on-going services including maintenance and community responsibilities.
  • Improving operations and maintenance of overall systems and particularly the tertiary network, establishing a customer service approach for improved complaints response to promote confidence in the wastewater system and customer satisfaction in service provided.

Source: https://wsp.org/sites/wsp.org/files/publications/WSP-Improving-On-site-Sanitation-Connections-to-Sewers-Southeast-Asia.pdf

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